BZOJ 1652: [Usaco2006 Feb]Treats for the Cows (区间dp)

Posted by 111qqz on Tuesday, April 12, 2016

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1652: [Usaco2006 Feb]Treats for the Cows

Time Limit: 5 Sec  Memory Limit: 64 MB Submit: 290  Solved: 226 [Submit][Status][Discuss]

Description

FJ has purchased N (1 <= N <= 2000) yummy treats for the cows who get money for giving vast amounts of milk. FJ sells one treat per day and wants to maximize the money he receives over a given period time. The treats are interesting for many reasons: * The treats are numbered 1..N and stored sequentially in single file in a long box that is open at both ends. On any day, FJ can retrieve one treat from either end of his stash of treats. * Like fine wines and delicious cheeses, the treats improve with age and command greater prices. * The treats are not uniform: some are better and have higher intrinsic value. Treat i has value v(i) (1 <= v(i) <= 1000). * Cows pay more for treats that have aged longer: a cow will pay v(i)*a for a treat of age a. Given the values v(i) of each of the treats lined up in order of the index i in their box, what is the greatest value FJ can receive for them if he orders their sale optimally? The first treat is sold on day 1 and has age a=1. Each subsequent day increases the age by 1.

约翰经常给产奶量高的奶牛发特殊津贴,于是很快奶牛们拥有了大笔不知该怎么花的钱.为此,约翰购置了N(1≤N≤2000)份美味的零食来卖给奶牛们.每天约翰售出一份零食.当然约翰希望这些零食全部售出后能得到最大的收益.这些零食有以下这些有趣的特性:

•零食按照1..N编号,它们被排成一列放在一个很长的盒子里.盒子的两端都有开口,约翰每

  天可以从盒子的任一端取出最外面的一个.

•与美酒与好吃的奶酪相似,这些零食储存得越久就越好吃.当然,这样约翰就可以把它们卖出更高的价钱.

  •每份零食的初始价值不一定相同.约翰进货时,第i份零食的初始价值为Vi(1≤Vi≤1000).

  •第i份零食如果在被买进后的第a天出售,则它的售价是vi×a.

  Vi的是从盒子顶端往下的第i份零食的初始价值.约翰告诉了你所有零食的初始价值,并希望你能帮他计算一下,在这些零食全被卖出后,他最多能得到多少钱.

Input

  • Line 1: A single integer,

N * Lines 2..N+1: Line i+1 contains the value of treat v(i)

Output

  • Line 1: The maximum revenue FJ can achieve by selling the treats

Sample Input

5 1 3 1 5 2

Five treats. On the first day FJ can sell either treat #1 (value 1) or treat #5 (value 2).

Sample Output

43

OUTPUT DETAILS:

FJ sells the treats (values 1, 3, 1, 5, 2) in the following order of indices: 1, 5, 2, 3, 4, making 1x1 + 2x2 + 3x3 + 4x1 + 5x5 = 43.

题意:一列数,可以从两段取,每天取一个数,第t天取到第i个数的价值是t*v[i],问能取到的最大价值是多少。

思路:能看出是dp.不过状态表示这一步就错了。。。我想的是dp[i]表示第i天取能得到的最大价值。。。然后转移方程就推不对了23333.

实际上这种从两段搞的问题的状态,还是要两个变量来表示状态比较好。

dp[i][j]表示最左端为i,最右端为j能得到的最大价值。

而且这道题的划分状态也很厉害。反正我是没想到。

定义了k表示为当前剩余区间的长度。

容易知道k=j-i+1;

**那么t=n+i-j,**j = n-k+1;

像很多dp一样,这道题也需要倒着推。。。

也就是从长度为1的区间推到长度为n的区间。

*转移方程为dp[i][j] = max(dp[i+1][j]+t*v[i],dp[i][j-1]v[j])

(注意观察,(i,j)的状态是由(i+1,j)或者(i,j-1)得到的,因为是从里向外推。)

/* ***********************************************
Author :111qqz
Created Time :2016年04月11日 星期一 20时46分42秒
File Name :code/bzoj/1652.cpp
************************************************ */

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <queue>
#include <set>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <cmath>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
#define fst first
#define sec second
#define lson l,m,rt<<1
#define rson m+1,r,rt<<1|1
#define ms(a,x) memset(a,x,sizeof(a))
typedef long long LL;
#define pi pair < int ,int >
#define MP make_pair

using namespace std;
const double eps = 1E-8;
const int dx4[4]={1,0,0,-1};
const int dy4[4]={0,-1,1,0};
const int inf = 0x3f3f3f3f;
const int N=2E3+3;
int dp[N][N];//dp[i][j]表示最左边取i,最右边取j的最大值。
int n;
int v[N];
bool vis[N];
int main()
{
    #ifndef  ONLINE_JUDGE 
    freopen("code/in.txt","r",stdin);
  #endif

    scanf("%d",&n);
    v[0] = 0 ;
    for ( int i = 1 ; i <= n ; i++) scanf("%d",&v[i]);
    ms(dp,0);

    for ( int k = 1 ; k <= n ; k++) //k是i两段的间隔距离,也可以理解成剩余的长度。k=j-i+1;
    {				//这个划分状态的技巧有点厉害
        for ( int i = 1 ; i+k-1 <= n  ; i++)
        {
        int t = n-k+1;
        int j = i+k-1;
//		cout<<"i:"<<i<<" j:"<<j<<" t:"<<t<<endl;
        dp[i][j] = max(dp[i+1][j]+t*v[i],dp[i][j-1]+t*v[j]); //转移是倒着进行的,从内向外
        }
    }

    printf("%d\n",dp[1][n]);

  #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE  
  fclose(stdin);
  #endif
    return 0;
}

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