BZOJ 1655: [Usaco2006 Jan] Dollar Dayz 奶牛商店 (母函数,高精度)

Posted by 111qqz on Thursday, April 14, 2016

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1655: [Usaco2006 Jan] Dollar Dayz 奶牛商店

Time Limit: 5 Sec  Memory Limit: 64 MB Submit: 353  Solved: 190 [Submit][Status][Discuss]

Description

Farmer John goes to Dollar Days at The Cow Store and discovers an unlimited number of tools on sale. During his first visit, the tools are selling variously for $1, $2, and $3. Farmer John has exactly $5 to spend. He can buy 5 tools at $1 each or 1 tool at $3 and an additional 1 tool at $2. Of course, there are other combinations for a total of 5 different ways FJ can spend all his money on tools. Here they are: 1 @ US$3 + 1 @ US$2 1 @ US$3 + 2 @ US$1 1 @ US$2 + 3 @ US$1 2 @ US$2 + 1 @ US$1 5 @ US$1 Write a program than will compute the number of ways FJ can spend N dollars (1 <= N <= 1000) at The Cow Store for tools on sale with a cost of $1..$K (1 <= K <= 100).

    约翰到奶牛商场里买工具.商场里有K(1≤K≤100).种工具,价格分别为1,2,…,K美元.约翰手里有N(1≤N≤1000)美元,必须花完.那他有多少种购买的组合呢?

Input

A single line with two space-separated integers: N and K.

    仅一行,输入N,K.

Output

A single line with a single integer that is the number of unique ways FJ can spend his money.

    不同的购买组合数.

Sample Input

5 3

Sample Output

5

思路:母函数裸题,还卡个高精度。。差评。。。

/* ***********************************************
Author :111qqz
Created Time :2016年04月14日 星期四 16时42分31秒
File Name :code/bzoj/1655.cpp
************************************************ */

#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <queue>
#include <set>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <cmath>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <ctime>
#define fst first
#define sec second
#define lson l,m,rt<<1
#define rson m+1,r,rt<<1|1
#define ms(a,x) memset(a,x,sizeof(a))
typedef long long LL;
#define pi pair < int ,int >
#define MP make_pair

using namespace std;
const double eps = 1E-8;
const int dx4[4]={1,0,0,-1};
const int dy4[4]={0,-1,1,0};
const int inf = 0x3f3f3f3f;
const int N=1E4+7;
const int MAXN =300;
int n,m;
int a[N][105],tmp[N][105];

void add(int x,int y)
{
    for ( int i = 1 ; i <= 100 ; i++)
    tmp[x][i]+=a[y][i];

    for ( int i = 1 ; i <= 100 ; i++)
    {
    tmp[x][i+1]+=tmp[x][i]/10;
    tmp[x][i]%=10;
    }

}

void tran( int x)
{
    for ( int i = 1 ; i <= 100 ; i++)
    {
    a[x][i] = tmp[x][i];
    tmp[x][i] =  0;
    }
}

int main()
{
    #ifndef  ONLINE_JUDGE 
    freopen("code/in.txt","r",stdin);
  #endif

    scanf("%d %d",&n,&m);
    ms(a,0);
    m = min(m,n);
    for ( int i = 0 ; i <= n ; i++)
    {
        a[i][1] = 1;
        tmp[i][1] =  0 ;
    }

    for ( int i = 2 ; i <= m ; i++)
    {
        for ( int j = 0 ;j <= n ; j++)
        {
        for ( int k = 0 ; k+j<= n ; k+=i)
        {
            for ( int z = 1 ; z <= 40 ; z++)
            {
            tmp[k+j][z] += a[j][z];
            }
		
        }
        }
//	    cout<<"aaa"<<endl;

        for ( int j = 0 ; j <= n ; j++)
        {
        for ( int z = 1 ; z <= 40 ; z++)
        {
            tmp[j][z+1]+=tmp[j][z]/10;
            tmp[j][z]%=10;
        }
        }
        for ( int j = 0 ; j <= n ; j++)
        {
        for ( int z = 1 ; z <= 40 ; z++)
        {
            a[j][z] = tmp[j][z];
            tmp[j][z]  = 0;
        }
        }
    }

    int len = 100;
    while (a[n][len]==0) len--;
//	cout<<"len:"<<len<<endl;
    for ( int i = len  ;i >0 ; i--) printf("%d",a[n][i]);


  #ifndef ONLINE_JUDGE  
  fclose(stdin);
  #endif
    return 0;
}

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